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Tea Biz Podcast | Episode 9

Tea Industry News for the week of March 19. | US Restaurant Rescue Funds Total $28.6 Billion | EU Reviews Pesticide Rules | Tea Theaflavin Inhibits Coronavirus Replication | PLANT-AG is a $9 Billion Startup that Promises Field-to-Plate Traceability

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Hear the Headlines for the Week of March 19

Hear the Headlines

| US Restaurant Rescue Funds Total $28.6 Billion
| EU Reviews Pesticide Rules
| Tea Theaflavin Inhibits Coronavirus Replication
| PLANT-AG is a $9 Billion Startup that Promises Field-to-Plate Traceability


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This week’s Tea Price Report

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Features

This week Tea Biz continues its coverage of how Japan’s tea industry successfully met the challenges of marketing tea a decade after the disastrous earthquake, tsunami and meltdown of the nuclear power plant in Fukushima.

.…. and we travel to India to discuss a pandemic pivot with Rudra Chatterjee, Managing Director of the Luxmi Group.

Rudra Chatterjee
Luxmi Group Managing Director Rudra Chatterjee. Luxmi owns 25 estates including Makaibari Tea Estate in West Bengal, as well as gardens in Assam, and Tripura in India, and the Gisovu Tea Estate in Rwanda, Africa,

Pandemic Pivot

Will Direct-to-Consumer Tea Sales Catalyze the Farm-to-Cup Movement?

By Aravinda Anantharaman

2020 accelerated a shift to digital media, one that many tea producers embraced. Did this bring more customers? Did this increase sales? Is this the catalyst the farm-to-cup movement needed? Tea Biz posed these questions to Rudra Chatterjee, managing director of century-old Luxmi Group. Luxmi auctions millions of kilos of tea annually to a small cadre of buyers purchasing 20,000 kilo container lots. Last year the company quickly adapted to selling 250-gram packets of tea directly to thousands of consumers, a pivot that Chatterjee says brought significant benefits. Read more

Rudra Chatterjee on Luxmi’s pandemic pivot to direct-to-customer tea sales.
Kitaha Tea Garden, Japan
Kitaha Tea was destroyed during the Tōhoku Quake in 2011

Meltdown Led to Tea Industry Realignment in Japan

By Dan Bolton | Part 2 of 2

Radioactive fallout from the Fukushima Daiichi meltdown descended in plumes far north and east of Japan’s tea growing region. Losses were significant in Shizuoka due to factory closings where lightly contaminated tea was concentrated. Japan’s tea growing regions were not impacted and continued to evolve, initially foregoing exports in favor of the domestic market. That changed beginning in 2016 as exports increased from 4,000 to 5,100 metric tons. Valuation peaked in 2018 at 1.5 billion yen, largely because of the out-sized success of matcha, which accounted for 43% of exports, according to the Japanese Tea Export Production Council

That changed beginning in 2016 as exports increased from 4,000 to 5,100 metric tons. Valuation peaked in 2018 at 1.5 billion yen, largely because of the out-sized success of matcha, which accounted for 43% of exports, according to the Japanese Tea Export Production Council. Production remains level at 80,000 metric tons, down 20 percent from all-time highs. Export levels plateaued and tea value is declined during the pandemic year. Testing continues as a precaution but the tea from Japan is safe when accompanied by a food-safety certificate.

Jason Eng lives in Japan and works in business development for Kametani Tea, a green tea blender, custom roaster, and matcha company that processes more than 1,000 metric tons annually for Japan’s food and beverage companies.

Read more…

Jason Eng predicts a bright future for Japanese green tea and matcha

Japanese Resilience and Resolve, Part 2: The story of Kitaha Tea, a company reborn after the Tōhoku Quake.

Headphone iconListen to Japanese Resilience and Resolve, Part 1: The story of the Tōhoku Quake Tea Relief Caravan. | Click here to see photos of their adventure.

Tea News you Need to Know

US Restaurant Rescue Funds

The $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan signed into law last week includes $28.6 billion to rescue US restaurants. The funds provide debt-free relief for small and mid-sized restaurants. Applications for tea-themed restaurants, small café chains, and tea rooms will be accepted by the Small Business Administration beginning in April. Funding eligibility includes franchisees with fewer than 20 locations that are not publicly traded.

The president of the National Restaurant Association said the grants “will inject a much-needed stimulus along the supply chain to begin to balance the economic damage done.” The rescue plan extends moratoriums until September, allocating $5 billion to help business tenants struggling to pay rent. Government funded grants are capped at $10 million per restaurant group and $5 million per location. Grants are calculated as the difference in average monthly revenue earned in 2019 minus average monthly revenue earned in 2020 multiplied by 12.

Biz Insight – Market research firm IRI in Chicago writes that consumer habits formed during the pandemic may be here to stay. One clear winner is retail loyalty “points” programs. Eighty percent of Generation Z subscribe to FREE grocery loyalty programs and 79 percent of Generation X. A majority of Millennials (68%) prefer PAID online loyalty programs. Overall 51 percent of respondents cited shopper loyalty programs as “somewhat influential” when deciding where to shop with 22 percent indicating loyalty programs are “extremely influential” when deciding where to shop.

EU Reviews Pesticide Rules

Since pesticides can have harmful effects on the environment and human health, they are strictly regulated by the European Union. In recent years the EU adopted a Green Deal directive that seeks to reduce the use and risk of chemical pesticides and herbicides. The EU’s subsequent “Use of Pesticides” (SUD) rules for use apply to both ag professionals and to the public but they are not legally binding. In January, the European Commission identified “significant shortcomings in the implementation, application and enforcement” of the SUD directive by member states, launching a period of public consultation to determine whether the rules should be mandatory. The SUD directive could result in a 50 percent reduction of chemical pesticides, according to some estimates. Commissioners made it clear the SUD is not enforceable as law unless adopted by parliaments of the member states. The comment period ends April 12

Biz Insight – In East Africa growers are experiencing the worst locust outbreak in 70 years. Ambitious locals are capitalizing on the fact that locusts become lethargic after dark and easy prey. In February the Bug-Picture, a Kenyan firm that processes insects into animal feed, bought 2.4 metric tons of locusts. Teams of 25 to 30 workers sustainably and organically eliminate up to 400 kilos of the crop-killing pests between sunset and sunrise daily, earning $5 for every 10 kilos. No pesticides required.

Tea Theaflavin Inhibits Coronavirus Replication

A healthy diet and plenty of sleep are best at boosting immunity from the coronavirus, but those stricken with COVID-19 may benefit from also drinking tea.

Researchers at Tocklai TRA, a branch of India’s Tea Research Association, have demonstrated the “virus inhibiting benefits of black tea,” writes Joydeep Phukan who manages the research center in Jorhat, Assam. Citing studies published in the Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics and in the Journal Frontiers in Immunology, Director Dr. A.K. Barooah, writes that variants of the bio-active compound theaflavin act on multiple targets of the coronavirus affecting the stability and blocking the binding sites of viral proteins.

The formation of specific bonds “inhibit replication of the virus.” He said that harnessing the health properties of tea will pave the way for “extensive use of bio-actives that will immensely help to popularize black tea in India.”

PLANT-AG is a $9 Billion Startup that Promises Field to Plate Traceability

Investors, confident that traceability is a bankable attribute, have invested $8 billion in public-private bonds with an additional $800 million in cash to fund PLANT-AG – a US based open-source, blockchain documented vertical farming infrastructure project. IBM’s Food Trust software will manage gigabytes of logistics, cultivation, and processing data on greenhouse-grown leaf lettuce, strawberries and tomatoes, basil, kale, and blueberries.

Half of the fresh fruit and a third of vegetables sold in grocery stores is imported, often traveling along a month-long supply chain. PLANT-AG intends to shorten the chain to three days. Founder Karim Giscombe is building greenhouses no further than eight hours from urban centers. Harvesting at 4 a.m. means the company will eventually be able to provide a third of Americans fresh produce within 72 hours.

Biz Insight –Consumers scanning PLANT-AG product labels with their phone will be able to see where the food is grown, making tracebacks in the event of contamination practical and quick and leading to greater accountability at origin, addressing not just food safety but sustainable practices and labor conditions. Read a full account by Cliff Rainey in this month’s Fast Company magazine.

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Tea News and Biz Insight – September 17, 2021 Tea Biz

"HEAR THE HEADLINES – Advent International Will Bid $4 Billion for Unilever’s Tea Portfolio | India Considers Halting Imports of Nepal Tea | Sales of Herbal Supplements in the US Reach a Record $10 Billion in 2020 | NEWSMAKER – Rainforest Alliance Director South Asia Madhuri Nanda  | GUEST – Caroline Giacomin, Ph.D., a physicist at ETH Zürich, Switzerland   | FEATURES – This week Tea Biz travels to Switzerland to learn from ETH Zürich physicist Caroline Giacomin the physics of that colorful sheen that rises to the surface of black tea. Is tea scum just that or a revealing indication of goodness in the cup? … and then we travel to New Delhi, India where the Rainforest Alliance’s Madhuri Nanda reveals how practitioners of RA’s sustainable farming methods are evolving toward broader, more holistic ecosystems in Part 2 of our series on Regenerative Agriculture. The Physics of Black Tea Film Have you ever noticed a colorful sheen on the surface of your tea? It appears to break like ice floes in the arctic as the tea cools. Researchers once thought tea film was due to waxy substances contained in tea leaves released during steeping. That is not the case. The delicate film is an interfacial interaction of air, tea polyphenols, and calcium carbonate ions in water. It does not form on white, yellow, green, or lightly processed oolong teas, only black tea. In many parts of the world, soft water prevents the film from forming. Is tea film a fleeting glimmer of color to enjoy or an ugly scum to quickly dissipate with a squeeze of lemon. Caroline Giacomin, Ph.D, a physicist at ETH Zürich, Switzerland joins us to explain the physics of tea film from a study she and colleague Peter Fischer recently published in the Physics of Fluids.  Regenerative Agriculture: A Holistic Approach The Rainforest Alliance's Madhuri Nanda explains that while sustainable farming ensures that agricultural practices do not negatively impact and degrade the environmental, social, and economic aspects of the surrounding ecosystem ̶ the focus shifts in regenerative agriculture toward adopting a broader holistic approach that enhances biodiversity and improves soil health through increased microbial activities that build resilient systems capable of withstanding adverse climatic scenarios."
  1. Tea News and Biz Insight – September 17, 2021
  2. Tea News and Biz Insight – September 10, 2021
  3. Tea News and Biz Insight – September 3, 2021
  4. Tea News and Biz Insight – August 26, 2021
  5. Tea News and Biz Insight – August 20, 2021

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Editor | Publisher | Podcaster | Consultant | Writer Dan is the founder of Tea Journey magazine the Tea Biz Podcast and a contributing editor at STiR coffee and tea. He is the former editor and publisher of Tea Magazine, former editor and publisher of World Tea News, and editor-in-chief at Specialty Coffee Retailer. Dan has traveled widely in the tea lands, speaking on retail beverage trends in Canada and the United States and at conferences in Europe, China, India, Australia, the Middle East, and Africa.