Narendranath Dharmaraj

Tea Biz Podcast | Episode 3

Tea Industry News for the week of February 5 | Shipping container shortage threatens timely tea deliveries | Kenya’s High Court has ruled against unions seeking to prevent mechanical harvesting of tea | Bombs Away… Tea bombs encased in confectionary get rave reviews online

Episode 3

Listen to the Tea Biz Podcast for the week of February 05

Here are the News Headlines

• Shipping container shortage threatens timely tea deliveries
• Kenya’s High Court has ruled against unions seeking to prevent mechanical harvesting of tea
• Bombs Away… Tea bombs encased in confectionary get rave reviews online


This week Aravinda Anantharaman speaks with Narendranath Dharmaraj who has spent nearly five decades in plantation and agribusiness management. In the conversation around the viability of the Indian tea industry and in particular the outdated nature of the plantation model, Dharmaraj has proposed an alternative where he recommends that estate owners distribute land-ownership in favor of the plantation employees and buy back the raw material through a co-operative. Here, we speak to Dharmaraj on how this model will address the issues of labor and wages that have hit an impasse. Read more…

A conversation on the future of India’s tea industry with Narendranath Dharmaraj
International Tea Training Center on the beach in Mexico

Traveling to origin is no long practical, yet tea retailers must still learn tasting skills essential to selecting fine tea. Dan Robertson, founder of the International Tea Cuppers Club, has constructed an international tea training center in Mexico where tea masters share their knowledge during a week-long immersion program. The soon-to-open facility is on the Riviera Maya near the Mayan Ruins, south of Cancun and Cozumel.

ITCC founder Dan Robertson on why tasting skills are essential to sales and success.

News you Need to Know

Shipping container shortage threatens timely tea deliveries

The cost of shipping a container of goods increased 80 percent since November and nearly tripled in 2019. One third of the containers transiting the world’s 20 largest ports failed to ship on schedule. Unlike grains, tea is not shipped in bulk. Depending on its density, 10 to 12 metric tons of tea can be loaded into a 20-foot container.

Beginning last spring the pandemic shifted the normal shipping cycle leaving hundreds of thousands of empty shipping containers at destinations with no loads to return. In China and India, the shortage is acute. Bloomberg reports that in January India shipped less than a fifth of its normal volume of sugar. Responding to a 30 percent surge in orders for goods, last fall China offered top dollar for the return of empty containers. The strategy is working so well that coffee and rice are piling up at the docks in Thailand and lentils in Canada as shippers rush return containers instead of filling them with Asian-bound goods. Gradually equilibrium is returning with predictions that the shortage will abate in time for the first of the tea harvest shipments in April.

Biz InsightEliot Jordan, vice president of tea at Mighty Leaf Tea in California writes that he is “backing up orders by a month on anything that has to move on the ocean.” He says, “The problem is, as long as COVID is running rampant, all the forecasts I have are throwing darts in my basement with the lights off – sometimes it’s better to throw very few darts until the lights come back on.”

Kenya’s High Court has ruled against unions seeking to prevent mechanical harvesting of tea

The appeals court decision follows a 2018 ruling that Unilever Tea Kenya had the right to adopt new technology. The Kenya Plantations and Agricultural Workers Union sought a universal ban on tea harvesting machines.

Biz Insight – Kenya’s flatland tea farms are uniquely suited to mechanical harvesting, but planters have faced stiff opposition to mechanization since 2010. In 2018 workers led a strike in protest. Lower courts sided with workers initially but were overturned on appeal, a reversal that allowed planters to dismiss all who joined the boycott. During confrontations, several pieces of expensive harvesting equipment was destroyed. The expansion of mechanical harvesting (and subsequent loss of jobs) now appears likely.

An assortment of 2.5-inch Tea Bombs made with a sugar free shell by Confection Bombs. | Etsy

Bombs away

Tea encased in confectionary sold as Tea Bombs are easily created in partnership with a local candy company or with the use of silicon molds in your own tea shop. Made with a shell of liquid sugar, the two-inch translucent spheres can be filled with tea leaves, tea bags and a variety of inclusions such as edible flowers, spices, and herbs. The bomb explodes as hot water is poured into the cup, lightly sweetening the mix. Bright colors, food-safe glitter and sparkles add to the fun.

Biz Insight Nudge Coffee bars are an example of beverages sold as food. Ultra fine powdered roasted coffee beans are processed with cocoa butter into a shelf-stable paste similar to Nutella that can be molded into bars. The company’s candy coated coffee pellets resemble M&Ms and deliver caffeine in consistent doses. Natural grocer Sprouts reports a strong debut among coffee lovers.

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Tea News and Biz Insight – September 17, 2021 Tea Biz

"HEAR THE HEADLINES – Advent International Will Bid $4 Billion for Unilever’s Tea Portfolio | India Considers Halting Imports of Nepal Tea | Sales of Herbal Supplements in the US Reach a Record $10 Billion in 2020 | NEWSMAKER – Rainforest Alliance Director South Asia Madhuri Nanda  | GUEST – Caroline Giacomin, Ph.D., a physicist at ETH Zürich, Switzerland   | FEATURES – This week Tea Biz travels to Switzerland to learn from ETH Zürich physicist Caroline Giacomin the physics of that colorful sheen that rises to the surface of black tea. Is tea scum just that or a revealing indication of goodness in the cup? … and then we travel to New Delhi, India where the Rainforest Alliance’s Madhuri Nanda reveals how practitioners of RA’s sustainable farming methods are evolving toward broader, more holistic ecosystems in Part 2 of our series on Regenerative Agriculture. The Physics of Black Tea Film Have you ever noticed a colorful sheen on the surface of your tea? It appears to break like ice floes in the arctic as the tea cools. Researchers once thought tea film was due to waxy substances contained in tea leaves released during steeping. That is not the case. The delicate film is an interfacial interaction of air, tea polyphenols, and calcium carbonate ions in water. It does not form on white, yellow, green, or lightly processed oolong teas, only black tea. In many parts of the world, soft water prevents the film from forming. Is tea film a fleeting glimmer of color to enjoy or an ugly scum to quickly dissipate with a squeeze of lemon. Caroline Giacomin, Ph.D, a physicist at ETH Zürich, Switzerland joins us to explain the physics of tea film from a study she and colleague Peter Fischer recently published in the Physics of Fluids.  Regenerative Agriculture: A Holistic Approach The Rainforest Alliance's Madhuri Nanda explains that while sustainable farming ensures that agricultural practices do not negatively impact and degrade the environmental, social, and economic aspects of the surrounding ecosystem ̶ the focus shifts in regenerative agriculture toward adopting a broader holistic approach that enhances biodiversity and improves soil health through increased microbial activities that build resilient systems capable of withstanding adverse climatic scenarios."
  1. Tea News and Biz Insight – September 17, 2021
  2. Tea News and Biz Insight – September 10, 2021
  3. Tea News and Biz Insight – September 3, 2021
  4. Tea News and Biz Insight – August 26, 2021
  5. Tea News and Biz Insight – August 20, 2021
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Editor | Publisher | Podcaster | Consultant | Writer Dan is the founder of Tea Journey magazine the Tea Biz Podcast and a contributing editor at STiR coffee and tea. He is the former editor and publisher of Tea Magazine, former editor and publisher of World Tea News, and editor-in-chief at Specialty Coffee Retailer. Dan has traveled widely in the tea lands, speaking on retail beverage trends in Canada and the United States and at conferences in Europe, China, India, Australia, the Middle East, and Africa.